Myotherapy is a form of physical therapy used to treat or prevent soft tissue pain and restricted joint movement caused by muscle or dysfunction. Myofascia are the thin, fibrous sheets of tissue that surround and separate muscles. Ligaments and tendons are comprised of bundled myofascia.

Pain that is caused by muscle tissue or muscle fascia (myofascia) is called myofascial pain. Symptoms can include:

• Deep and constant aching
• Muscle tightness
• Sore spots in the muscle (myofascial trigger points)
• Reduced joint mobility
• Stiff joints
• Numbness
• Recurrent tingling, prickling or “pins and needles” sensation
• Unexplained tiredness

Myotherapy can be used to treat a wide range of disorders including:

• Overuse injury such as tennis elbow
• Some sports injuries
• Tension headache
• Pain caused by poor posture
• Some chronic back pain
• Some types of joint pain, such as shoulder impingement syndrome
• Muscle sprains

Treatment depends on the diagnosis. Myotherapy uses a range of techniques including:

• Massage, including sports and remedial techniques
• Passive stretching – gently moving the patient’s body part through its range of motion
• Hot or cold therapy
• Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) therapy
• Trigger point therapy (acupressure)
• Myofascial dry needling

Myotherapy is founded on the idea that relief of the tension in the muscle followed by revitalisation of the relieved muscle through stretching promotes healing and reduces the disposition of the muscle and nerve to cause further pain.

Many people see a Myotherapist when they are suffering from pain and some receive treatment to prevent injury especially when playing sport. If you are suffering from aches and pain, you should see a Myotherapist when your pain lasts longer than a few days or you have restricted movement. Many people use a Myotherapist when undergoing rehabilitation to help strengthen the affected areas.


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